How does an estate planning lawyer handle digital assets in a Will?

How does an estate planning lawyer handle digital assets in a Will?


In this article, I’ll explore a rapidly evolving facet of estate planning – managing digital assets within a last will. As our lives become increasingly entwined with the digital realm, from cryptocurrencies to social media profiles and online financial accounts, addressing the disposition and management of these digital assets upon one’s passing has become paramount. Estate planning lawyers play a pivotal role in navigating the legal complexities surrounding these assets, ensuring that a comprehensive and legally sound plan is in place to address them.

In an age where our digital footprint holds significant value and personal significance, understanding how estate planning lawyers handle digital assets within a Will is essential. We’ll delve into the legal considerations, practical steps, and emerging best practices that estate planning attorneys employ to safeguard the digital legacy of individuals and ensure a smooth transition of these assets to their intended beneficiaries.

Identify Digital Assets Comprehensively

Identifying digital assets comprehensively is the foundational step in handling them within an estate plan. Estate planning lawyers work closely with individuals to create a comprehensive inventory of their digital assets, encompassing many items such as email accounts, social media profiles, digital photos, online financial accounts, intellectual property, and more. This inventory ensures that no digital asset is overlooked or forgotten during the estate planning process.

Creating a thorough list of digital assets is crucial because, unlike physical assets, they are intangible and often stored across various online platforms. Failure to identify these assets can lead to unintended consequences, such as valuable accounts going dormant or unclaimed. Estate planning lawyers guide clients through identifying and documenting these assets, setting the stage for a well-structured plan.

Categorize and Value Digital Assets

Categorizing and valuing digital assets is the next critical step. Estate planning lawyers assist clients in categorizing their digital assets into groups based on factors like financial value, sentimental value, or ownership type. This categorization helps determine how each asset should be handled within the estate plan.

Valuing digital assets can be challenging due to their ever-changing nature and subjective worth. Estate planning attorneys often work with appraisers and financial experts to assign accurate values to digital assets, especially those with significant financial implications like cryptocurrencies or digital business interests. By categorizing and valuing digital assets meticulously, estate planners ensure that the distribution of these assets aligns with the individual’s intentions and overall estate plan.

Appoint a Digital Executor

Appointing a digital executor is critical to handling digital assets in an estate plan. A digital executor is a person designated to manage and oversee the digital assets and accounts as specified in the Will. Estate planning lawyers help clients choose a trusted individual with the technical competence to carry out these responsibilities effectively.

A digital executor’s role involves closing or transferring online accounts, retrieving and preserving digital files, and ensuring the secure handling of sensitive information. This appointed individual should have access to the digital inventory and clear instructions on managing each digital asset. Estate planning lawyers work closely with their clients to establish the digital executor’s responsibilities, granting them the legal authority to fulfill their role seamlessly. Appointing a digital executor is essential for a well-structured estate plan that addresses the unique challenges posed by digital assets.

Specify Asset Access Instructions

Estate planning lawyers guide clients in specifying asset access instructions within their Wills. These instructions detail how the appointed digital executor should access and manage digital assets after the individual’s passing. They often include usernames, passwords, recovery codes, or instructions on where to find this information. Importantly, these instructions should balance security and accessibility, ensuring that the executor can carry out their duties while safeguarding against unauthorized access.

Access instructions are crucial to the estate plan because digital platforms and service providers often have strict security measures and policies. Without clear guidance, it may be challenging for the digital executor to gain access to important accounts or data. Estate planning lawyers help individuals craft detailed and secure access instructions that comply with legal and ethical standards, minimizing the risk of complications or disputes.

Address Data Privacy and Security

Data privacy and security are paramount when handling digital assets in an estate plan. Estate planning lawyers advise clients on the legal and ethical considerations surrounding managing sensitive digital information. This includes ensuring that the actions taken by the digital executor comply with data protection laws and the terms of service agreements of digital platforms.

Moreover, data security measures should be implemented to protect digital assets from unauthorized access or breaches. Estate planning lawyers assist clients in implementing safeguards such as encryption, secure password management, and two-factor authentication to maintain the confidentiality and integrity of digital assets. By addressing data privacy and security comprehensively, estate planners help ensure that the management of digital assets is both legally compliant and technologically secure within the framework of the estate plan.

Update Estate Plan Regularly

Estate planning lawyers emphasize the importance of regularly updating the estate plan, especially involving digital assets. Digital landscapes evolve rapidly, with new online platforms and technologies continually emerging. Therefore, estate planning attorneys advise clients to revisit and revise their digital asset provisions in routine estate plan reviews.

Updating the estate plan ensures that it remains aligned with the individual’s current digital asset portfolio and wishes for distribution. Estate planning lawyers help clients adapt their plans to account for changes in digital assets’ ownership, value, or importance, as well as any modifications in their intended beneficiaries or digital executor. This proactive approach ensures that the estate plan remains legally sound and reflects the individual’s evolving digital legacy.

Provide for Social Media Accounts

Social media accounts have become an integral part of many people’s digital lives, and estate planning lawyers help clients consider how to manage these accounts within their estate plans. Clients may memorialize or deactivate their social media profiles, transfer ownership to a designated beneficiary, or specify account management instructions. Addressing social media accounts in the estate plan ensures that the individual’s online presence is handled according to their wishes, whether for sentimental or privacy reasons.

Estate planning lawyers work with clients to include these provisions in their Wills or digital asset instructions, ensuring that the chosen approach is legally compliant and respects the terms of service of the social media platforms. Individuals can maintain control over their digital legacy and safeguard their online reputation or memories by providing social media accounts within the estate plan.

Include Cryptocurrency and NFTs

Estate planning lawyers recognize the growing significance of cryptocurrency and non-fungible tokens (NFTs) as digital assets. These assets may hold substantial financial value, making them essential in the estate plan. Estate planning attorneys guide clients on accounting for cryptocurrencies and NFTs, including safely storing private keys or access codes.

Including cryptocurrency and NFTs in the estate plan may involve specifying beneficiaries, providing access instructions, and addressing tax implications. Estate planning lawyers help individuals navigate these digital assets’ legal and technical aspects to ensure a seamless transition of ownership and value. Given the complex and evolving nature of cryptocurrencies and NFTs, this inclusion within the estate plan is crucial to prevent potential loss or disputes related to these digital assets.


I hope this exploration of how estate planning lawyers handle digital assets within a last will shed light on their crucial and evolving role in modern estate planning. Addressing these assets in our estate plans has become more pressing as our lives become increasingly intertwined with the digital world. The strategies discussed, from comprehensive identification to appointing digital executors and addressing data privacy concerns, underscore the meticulous and forward-thinking approach that estate planning lawyers adopt to manage digital assets effectively.

Integrating these considerations into their estate plans, individuals can rest assured that their digital legacies will be handled by their wishes, and their loved ones will be spared the complexities that can arise when digital assets are left unaccounted for. As technology continues to evolve, so will the strategies employed by estate planning lawyers, ensuring that our digital assets are safeguarded for future generations.

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